Cliff Reid Executive Producer: General Sir John Nixon, who took command of the IEF on April 9,had been ordered to solidify control of Lower Mesopotamia and ensure the safety of the oil fields and pipelines. Impressed by the ease of the British victories, an ambitious Nixon changed the objectives of the IEF from safeguarding Persian oil supplies to capturing Baghdad, and Major-General Charles Townshend was instructed to lead an army further up the Tigris River. A battle between the British and the Turks at Ctesiphon, twenty-five miles from Baghdad, was a draw, so Townshend led his army back to Basra.
Michenerpublished in Bantu native Black tribesColoured the result of generations of racial mixture between persons of European descent and the indigenous occupants of South Africa along with slaves brought in from Angola, Indonesia, India, Madagascar and the east Coast of AfricaBritishAfrikanerand IndianChineseand other foreign workers.
The novel traces the history, interaction, and conflicts between these populations, from prehistoric times up to the s.
The Afrikaners, whose Dutch ancestors first established a trading and refueling stop at Cape Town in the 17th century to service ships moving between Holland and Java, and whose ranks were augmented by Huguenot and other northern European immigrants, considered themselves the "New Israelites ".
They found in the Old Testament verification for their belief that God favored their conquest of the new land. Their strict, fundamentalist interpretation of the Bible supported them through the Great Trek of the 19th century; battles against Zulu and other Bantu tribes, who also laid claim to lands to the north; the Anglo-Boer War when after the British won the war on the conventional battlefield and took all the main Boer towns and cities, a few Boer Commandos or guerrilla bands of a few hundred Afrikaner farmers continued to hold out in isolated pockets of the veld till the cessation of hostilities, despite tens of thousands of British regulars combing the countryside in pursuit of them ; and their institution of Apartheid in the 20th century, when they insisted on racial purity, separatism, and white supremacyper the moral expectations of the God of Israel in the Old Testament and their own determination to keep political power in the hands of Whites of European descent.
Michener suggests that the Afrikaner oppression of Blacks was partly due to Dutch animosity towards the English, who assumed political and financial control of southern Africa in and fought against the traditional way of life, including slaverypursued by Afrikaner farmers, or Boers.
As one Bantu character observes, "no matter whether the English or the Dutch win, the Blacks always lose. The experiences of the fictional van Doorn family illustrate the Dutch and Huguenot heritage of South Africa, and in the s also illustrate the differences between liberal and conservative Afrikaners.
The fictional Saltwood family represents the English settlement of the area. The Nxumalo family illustrates the area's black heritage and culture. African Zulu leader Shaka appears in the novel, during the chapter on the Mfecane. The New York Times.
Retrieved April 1, I think you are a bit harsh. I have a much higher opinion of the film because I am amazed that it is as good as it is considering it was made by A&E. The Covenant is a historical novel by American author James A.
Michener, published in The novel is set in South Africa, home to five distinct populations: Bantu (native Black tribes), Coloured (the result of generations of racial mixture between persons of European descent and the indigenous occupants of South Africa along with slaves brought in from Angola, Indonesia, India, Madagascar.
You can support History on Film while doing your regular shopping. Just click on any of the following links: Amazon U.S. Amazon Canada. Amazon U.K. The Drifters is a novel by Pulitzer Prize-winning author James A. Michener, published in by Random House. The novel follows six young characters from diverse backgrounds and various countries as their paths meet and they travel together through parts of Spain, Portugal, Morocco and Mozambique.
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May 16, · film description: Not every pilot can guide his aircraft from a wave-tossed deck, seek out targets over unfamiliar Korean terrain, then return to what looks like a speck in the sea. Naval.