Each respectively distilled the experience and defined the historical legacy of a century. Each embraced a pair of episodes with lastingly transformative impacts.
As the economy boomed, wages rose for most Americans and prices fell, resulting in a higher standard of living and a dramatic increase in consumer consumption. These changes were encouraged by the new mass media that included radio and motion pictures. Booming economy and consumerism.
The American economy's phenomenal growth rate during the '20s was led by the automobile industry. The number of cars on the road almost tripled between andstimulating the production of steel, rubber, plate glass, and other materials that went into making an automobile.
Henry Ford pioneered the two key developments that made this industry growth possible — standardization and mass production. Standardization meant making every car basically the same, which led to jokes that a customer could get a car in any color as long as it was black.
Mass production used standardized parts and division of labor on an assembly line introduced by Ford before the war to produce cars more quickly and efficiently. Both innovations had a dramatic impact on price: Ford also created new management techniques that became known as welfare capitalism.
These tactics, along with yellow dog contracts, through which employees agreed not to join a union, worked; union membership dropped by almost two million between and American industry produced thousands of consumer goods in the s, everything from automobiles to washing machines to electric razors.
Mass consumption was encouraged through a combination of advertising, which created a demand for a particular product, and installment buying, which enabled people to actually purchase the product.
The power of advertising to shape public attitudes had been demonstrated through the Committee on Public Information's use of media to marshal public support during World War I. When peace came, ad agencies used newspapers, mass circulation magazines, and radio to effect consumption patterns.
The power of advertising even influenced religion. Bruce Barton's bestseller, The Man Nobody Knows, portrayed Jesus Christ as a master salesman and the spread of Christianity as a successful advertising campaign. Providing the opportunity to buy on credit was also a powerful marketing tool.
Businesses exhorted consumers to put a small amount down and pay off the balance in monthly installments, instead of saving money for an item and purchasing it with cash. As a result, Americans' savings rate dropped sharply in the '20s, and their personal debt rose.
The new woman and minorities. With a new look came new viewpoints and values, including a more open attitude toward premarital sex. Margaret Sanger, who had first promoted birth control before World War I as a means of sparing poor women from unwanted pregnancies, argued that the diaphragm gave women more sexual freedom.
The new woman's mystique was exemplified by the heroines of F. But the flapper represented only a small percentage of American women; for the overwhelming majority, life did not change that much.
The sharp increase in the number of women in the labor force during World War I ended abruptly with the armistice. Female employment grew slowly in the s, mostly in occupations traditionally identified with women — office and social work, teaching, nursing, and apparel manufacturing — and women who worked were usually single, divorced, or widowed.
Even with more women in the workplace, no progress was made on issues such as job discrimination or equal pay. At home, despite claims of creating increased leisure time, the myriad of electrical appliances on the market actually did little to alleviate the amount of housework women had to do.
After the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment, women's political progress also slowed. When given the vote, for example, women cast their ballot much the same way that men did, basing their decisions on class, regional, and ethnic loyalties rather than gender.
Furthermore, although the Equal Rights Amendment was first introduced in Congress inand Nellie Ross became the first woman elected the governor of a state Wyoming in the following year, there were still parts of the country were women could not hold public office.The book An Essay on the Principle of Population was first published anonymously in , This plan appeared consistent with virtue, economic gain and social improvement.
Principles of Political Economy (Book II, Chapters 11–13). Mill considered the criticisms of . In your answer, be sure to address the political, social, and economic effects of the Revolution in the period from to Free response, part B: Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from to This essay assesses the impact of economic globalization on political stability in argued that economic globalization promotes economic and social inequalities, result primarily not from recent changes in the world economy, but from political dynamics linked to the end of the Cold War and the disintegration of the Soviet.
Therefore, the social, economic, political trends, and main ideas within the civil rights movement will be Read More. Words 4 Pages. reconstruction and civil war era Essay Political Causes of the Civil War Essay Taylor Gates IB.
The video and text below look at the social, economic and political effects of population in LEDC and MEDC countries. Social Effects. LEDC's - Pressure on land as more people move in. Conflicts of cultures from migrants can lead to civil wars. Pressure on medical systems and schools.
Feb 09, · Modern war is not an expression of innate aggression but an economic and social construction. It is an attempt to settle, by violence, disputes over political power, territorial and ethnic issues, and societal stresses such as injustice and poverty.
It is vital to address the roots of conflict.