Various EPS options see below are available to meet region, mode or project needs. The WBS specifies and categorizes the work to be done. Additional detail beyond the phase level is determined by project management and reporting requirements. It is organized by phase and includes a comprehensive list of deliverables and common WSDOT milestones.
Introduction Most construction sites that run into trouble do so for reasons related to managerial factors rather than because of technical problems. The site-based management can make significant improvements in the cost and time savings during the construction process without involving a mass of additional work.
The role of site managers is to control and maintain work performance and then taking actions to rectify situations where performance is unsatisfactory. Site management, in general, involves many tasks, such as site investigation before construction process starts, material delivery and procurement management, keeping better site records, keeping good site communication and high level of information flow, monitoring performance regularly, establishing a well co-ordination system among different parts, and performing a good site layout planning.
Among the important tasks of site management is the site layout planning. Extensive time loss and cost overruns could result in large projects, where the number of manpower, subcontractors, and equipment involved are high, if there is no effective and systematic approach to site planning.
A detailed planning of the site layout and location of temporary facilities can enable the management to make considerable improvement by minimizing travel time, waiting time, and increasing worker morale by showing better and safer work environment.
Due to its importance, this research focuses on the site layout planning problem.
Construction site layout involves identifying, sizing, and placing temporary facilities TFs within the boundaries of construction site. These temporary facilities range from simple lay- down areas to warehouses, fabrication shops, maintenance shops, batch plant, and residence facilities.
Required temporary facilities and their areas are depending in many factors including project type, scale, design, location, and organization of construction work. Construction office design with systematic layout planning in particular, has been the most neglected aspect in the construction industry and the attitude of the engineers has been that it will be done as the project progress.
It is important to realize that the site planning will be the conditions that site personnel will live with for the total duration of the construction period. Thus the careful pre-planning is imperative. Also, since the labor cost on a large project constitute approximately 50 to 60 percent of the total project cost, significant saving can be occurred if the labor force moved freely and quickly within the site.
Layout planning, in general, can be viewed as a complex optimization problem that has many engineering applications ranging from the layout of manufacturing plants to the layout of computer chips on a board.
Since the early 's, the problem has been extensively analyzed in the Industrial Engineering and Operational Research communities. However, it has not been satisfactory analyzed in the construction domain. Site Layout Planning 1 Dr.
Emad Elbeltagi There are two general objectives which planners should seek to meet through careful organization of the site for construction. First, the site must be designed to maximize efficiency of operations in order to promote worker productivity, to shorten project time and to reduce cost.
Second, the final plan must create a project with a good work environment in order to attract and retain the best personnel and thus contribute to better work quality and productivity.
The problem of site layout planning has been solved by researchers using two distinctly techniques: Mathematical optimization procedures have been designed to produce the optimum solutions.
The heuristic methods, on the other hand, used to produce good but not optimal solutions. However, the first category can not be adopted for large projects, and the second category is the only available mean for solving the complex real life projects.
The Problem Failure to plan the site layout in advance is a prime cause of operational inefficiency, and can increase the overall cost of a project substantially.
In the absence of a precise site layout plan, the following problems may occur: Material stacks wrongly located. Materials arriving on site are off-loaded into what someone guesses to be the correct location.
This problem may involve double or triple handling of materials to another location. Plant and equipment wrongly located. Where inadequate space is allowed for the stacking of materials or activities: Site huts wrongly located in relation to their effective use, such as: Site Layout Planning 2 Dr.
Emad Elbeltagi - Warehouses having inadequate access for loading and unloading or located in insecure area. Therefore, before moving on to a site, it is necessary to prepare a detailed site plan, showing the positions to be taken by every item of equipment, accommodation, ancillary work areas and materials storage areas.
Present Practice In construction, field practitioners manually mark up a single site drawing to include major temporary facilities needed on site throughout the duration of the project. They depend on knowledge of years of experience, common sense, and adoption of past layouts in determining positions of temporary facilities on site.
But, they can not keep track of all factors that could affect the selection, location, and interactions of all facilities to be positioned.
In fact, site layout planning is one of the preplanning tasks to be accomplished in a construction project.Construction site layout involves identifying, sizing, and placing temporary facilities (TFs) project type, scale, design, location, and organization of construction work.
Site planning in particular, has been the most neglected aspect in the construction industry - Site office located too near noisy activities such as mixer, or located.
Based on the authors' collective 65 years of experience in the engineering construction industry, this profusely illustrated, comprehensive guidebook presents tried-and-true workable methods and rules of thumb for plant layout and piping design for the process industries.
Construction site layout involves identifying, sizing, and placing temporary facilities (TFs) within the boundaries of construction site. These temporary facilities range from simple lay- down areas to warehouses, fabrication shops, maintenance shops, batch plant, and residence facilities.
Systematic Layout Planning (SLP) is a prominent procedural approach and is widely used in layout design for various small and medium enterprises (Gilbert, Gilbert, J. P. (). Construction office design with systematic layout planning.
An introductory A field surveying and site planning course covering standards, units, and calibration of equipment, measurement of distance, elevation, angles,; and analysis of systematic and random errors in the measurement, adjustments of measurements, weighting, and principle of least squares.; and plane survey, design and layout of.
Plan the Work is the portion of the project management process that produces the Construction Project Management Plan. The construction management plan should complement the pre-construction PMP and integrate pre-construction information and commitments as appropriate.