Ruler of Florence During the Early Renaissance Benna Crawford Cosimo de Medici, born in Florence inwas classically educated to prepare him to take over the family's banking business. Medicis were accomplished at leveraging commerce into political power -- Cosimo's father, Giovanni, was the last of the Medici gonfalonieri, one of nine elected officials who ran the city-state of Florence.
Piero the Gouty and Giovanni de' Medici. Carlo became a prelate. After his death the Signoria awarded him the title Pater Patriae"Father of his Country", an honor once awarded to Ciceroand had it carved upon his tomb in the Church of San Lorenzo. Patronage Cosimo de' Medici used his vast fortune of an estimated gold florins almost 30 million USD or 22 million Euro today to control the Florentine political system and sponsor a series of artistic accomplishments.
As Florence was proud of its ' democracy ', he pretended to have little political ambition, and did not often hold public office. Political questions are settled in [Cosimo's] house. The man he chooses holds office He it is who decides peace and war He is king in all but name.
He went to Padua and then to Venicetaking his bank along with him. Prompted by his influence and his money, others followed him: Cosimo returned a year later into greatly influence the government of Florence especially through the Pitti and Soderini families and to lead by example for the rest of his long life.
Portrait by Jacopo Pontormo ; the laurel branch il Broncone was a symbol used also by his heirs  Cosimo's time in exile instilled in him the need to squash the factionalism that resulted in his exile in the first place.
In order to do this, Cosimo, with the help of favourable priors in the Signoria, instigated a series of constitutional changes to secure his power through influence. In terms of foreign policy, Cosimo worked to create peace in Northern Italy through the creation of a balance of power between FlorenceNaplesVenice and Milan during the wars in Lombardyand discouraging outside powers notably the French and the Holy Roman Empire from interfering.
Arts Cosimo Pater patriae, Uffizi Gallery, Florence Cosimo was also noted for his patronage of culture and the arts during the Renaissance, liberally spending the family fortune which his astute business sense considerably increased to enrich Florence.
According to Salviati 's Zibaldone, Cosimo stated: For fifty years, I have done nothing else but earn money and spend money; and it became clear that spending money gives me greater pleasure than earning it.
The building still includes, as its only 15th-century interior that is largely intact, the Magi Chapel frescoed by Benozzo Gozzolicompleted in with portraits of members of the Medici family parading through Tuscany in the guise of the Three Wise Men.
Cosimo's patronage enabled the eccentric and bankrupt architect Brunelleschi to complete the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore the " Duomo " which was perhaps his crowning achievement as sponsor.
It was of central importance to the humanist movement in Florence during the Renaissance.
It was designed by Michelozzoa student of Ghiberti who later collaborated with Donatello and was also a good friend and patron to Cosimo. Cosimo contributed the funds necessary to repair the library and provide it with a book collection, which people were allowed to use at no charge. He hand-selected those individuals who were given access to this laboratory of learning, and, through this social dynamic, he actively shaped the politics of the Republic.
His first library, however, was designed by Michelozzo while the two were in Venice, where Cosimo had been temporarily exiled. Inin gratitude for the hospitality of that city, he left it a gift of a new library, his only such work outside Florence.
Cosimo had grown up with only three books, but by the time he was thirty his collection had grown to 70 volumes. After being introduced to humanism by a group of humanists who had asked for his help in preserving books, he grew to love the movement and gladly sponsored the effort to renew Greek and Roman civilization through literature.
The humanists also engendered in him an interest in the collecting of books. He financed trips to nearly every European town as well as to Syria, Egypt, and Greece organized by Poggio [Bracciolini], his chief book scout.
Cosimo commissioned Ficino's Latin translation of the complete works of Plato the first ever complete translation and collected a vast library which he shared with intellectuals such as Niccolo Niccoli and Leonardo Bruni.
Cosimo had an inestimable influence on Renaissance intellectual life.Cosimo de' Medici: Cosimo de’ Medici, founder of one of the main lines of the Medici family that ruled Florence from to The son of Giovanni di Bicci (–), Cosimo was initiated into affairs of high finance in the corridors of the Council of Constance, where he represented the Medici bank.
Cosimo di Giovanni de' Medici was an Italian banker and politician, the first of the Medici political dynasty, de facto rulers of Florence during much of the Italian Renaissance. Edit vetconnexx.comyed by: Richard Madden. Cosimo de' Medici: Cosimo de’ Medici, founder of one of the main lines of the Medici family that ruled Florence from to The son of Giovanni di Bicci (–), Cosimo was initiated into affairs of high finance in the corridors of the Council of Constance, where he represented the Medici bank.
Full Name: Cosimo de Medici Nationality: Florentine. Profession: Florentine Ruler and Arts Patron Why Famous: The first of the Medici political dynasty, de facto rulers of Florence during much of the Italian Renaissance.
Cosimo's power derived from his great wealth as head of his family's Medici bank, which had branches throughout Europe. Piero di Cosimo de' Medici (the Gouty), (Italian: Piero "il Gottoso") ( – 2 December ) was the de facto ruler of Florence from to , during the Italian Renaissance.
Cosimo de' Medici: Cosimo de’ Medici, founder of one of the main lines of the Medici family that ruled Florence from to The son of Giovanni di Bicci (–), Cosimo was initiated into affairs of high finance in the corridors of the Council of Constance, where he represented the Medici bank. de facto ruler of Florence during the Italian Renaissance. de facto ruler of Florence during the Italian Renaissance. Piero di Cosimo de' Medici: Piero di Cosimo de’ Medici, ruler of Florence for five years (–69), whose successes in war helped preserve the enormous prestige bequeathed by his father, Cosimo the Elder.
Biography Piero was the son of Cosimo de' Medici the Elder and Contessina de' Bardi. The House of Medici (/ ˈ m ɛ d ɪ tʃ i / MED-i-chee; Italian pronunciation: [ˈmɛːditʃi]) was an Italian banking family and political dynasty that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the first half of the 15th century.