Marriage to a Hindu is of great individual and social significance.
Hindu marriage is an important institution and it is based on religion, Essay on hindu marriage rites and for the pursuit of religion.
The practice of monogamy, absence of widow remarriage lack of facility for easy divorce and chastity are regarded as important ideals now we see that changes have occurred in the institution of Hindu marriage, because of several factors such as urbanization, industrialization, secularization, modern education impact of Western culture, and marriage legislations; changes are taking place in Hindu ideals, forms and values of marriage.
Changes in the Aims of Marriage: The main objective of Hindu marriage was Dharma Although Kama or sex was one of the aims of Hindu marriage, it was the least desirable aim. In recent years, the order of aims of marriage has undergone change Sex has become primary and Dharma has become least important aim to marriage.
In this manner the aims and the basis of marriage are undergoing changes. Change in the process of Mate Selection: As far as the selection of the bride and bridegroom was concerned it was the prerogative of the parents or the guardians This tradition of selecting the marriage partner for sons and daughters continued till the end of 19th century when the ideas of liberalism and industrialism were incorporated into Indian society as a result of the impact of Western culture.
As a result of this some cases of individual choice of mate was found. Now-a-days the younger generation is not very much in favor of parental choice in matter of selection of marriage partners. A new trend is emerging in the process of mate selection among the middle and upper class educated youth in urban areas.
In some cases marriage partners are chosen by children. In most of the cases the parents allow their children to have a say in selection of partners. Changes in the Rules of Endogamy and Exogamy: There have been some visible changes in the matter of rules of endogamy and exogamy.
The rules of Varna, caste and sub-caste endogamy, Gotra and Pravara exogamy have been banned by legislations. Now we do not find restriction in cross-cousin marriages.
Cross-cousin marriages were taking place but these were not very common. It appears that the attitude of people towards cross-cousin marriage is changing.
The numbers of cross-cousin marriages are gradually increasing. Under certain circumstances these types of marriages are found to be accepted by people. As regards the rules of endogamy, remarkable changes have taken place. The Hindu Marriage Disabilities Removal Act of allowed marriage between different subdivisions of the same caste.
The Special Marriage Act of and Hindu Marriage Act, have enabled marriages between persons of different castes and religions. Arya Samaj Movement has promoted inter-caste marriages. Inter-caste marriages, hitherto considered unthinkable, are now not only permitted but also encouraged.
Besides the legislations, the freedom in mate selection has promoted inter-caste marriages. The Age at Marriage: In course of time child marriage became the prevalent mode of marriage in India.
Hence, child marriage was the practice to safeguard chastity and purity of females. The practice of child marriage was strong even in the 20th century. In the 20th century, the Child Marriage Restraint Act, popularly known as Sharada Act prescribed the minimum age of marriage at 14 years for girls and 18 years for boys.
Then, the Indian Parliament raised the age of marriage. For girls, the minimum age is 18 years and for boys 21 years. Marriage of boys and girls below the prescribed age has been made a cognisable offence. Various sociological studies conducted in the last few decades have revealed that the trend in age at marriage from onwards has shown a continuous change.
Due to certain changed social conditions, people prefer marriage at a higher age now-a-days. Changes in the Rites of Marriage: Traditionally, Hindu marriage is a religious sacrament and the Hindu marriage can take place only through the performance of certain rights and rituals.a Hindu husband, married under the Hindu law, by embracing Islam, can solemnise second marriage The Court held that a Hindu marriage solemnised under the Hindu law Words 3 Pages.
Marriage in Hinduism and Catholicism Essay Sample. The ritual of marriage is significant in the Hindu and Catholic religions. Hinduism is based on achieving liberation from rebirth as an ongoing struggle by fulfilling one’s dharma according to the class in the caste system which one belongs to.
For example, Hindu marriage has three main objectives such as Dharma, Progeny and Sexual Pleasure. Individual happiness has been given the least importance. It is considered to be sacrament, a spiritual union between a man and a woman in the social status of husband and wife.
Essay on the Nature of Hindu Marriage. Article shared by. Marriage is one of the oldest institutions of Hindus. It occupies a very important place in their social life. It is regarded as one of most important ten Sanskaras (sacraments) for them.
In marriage the father entrusts his daughter into the hands of a noble and physically sound groom. The Wedding Ceremony (need to cut into paragraphs) Just like the traditional Hindu wedding ceremony, this wedding lasted for about a week. Each day was filled with entertainment and rituals taking place bonding the two families together.
Included: marriage essay content. Preview text: Marriage is one of the oldest institutions of Hindus. It occupies a very important place in their social life. It is regarded as one of most important ten Sanskaras (sacraments) for them.
In marriage the father entrusts his daughter into the hands.