References Introduction Psychological trauma has become recognized as a common risk factor for many problems that individuals experience, both psychological and somatic. Briere and Scottin their review of the literature, have identified exposure to trauma as a risk factor for a wide range of psychiatric diagnoses. While trauma has been specifically implicated etiologically in the diagnoses that constitute the Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders section of the DSM-5 as well as in the development of Dissociative Identity Disorder DIDresearch has indicated that trauma exposure accounts for significant parts of the variance of the development of depression, anxiety disorders, Cluster B personality disorders, many Somatic symptom and related disorders, and some kinds of psychosis.
Then a person will begin to develop a theory regarding what they believe to be the cause of the event. This creates the cognitive appraisal theory of emotion sequence.
An event leads to thinking, which then leads to simultaneous emotion and arousal. In essence, thoughts lead to feelings, which then lead to actions.
Every event that happens to a person in their life is a trigger. That trigger can create positive thoughts or it can create negative thoughts. Every thought has a positive or negative connotation to it, based on the personal experiences and perspectives of the individual.
Take the smell of macaroni and cheese baking in the oven. For an individual who loves the dish because their mother made it for them, a positive trigger is created.
An individual who is allergic to wheat or dairy would have a negative trigger created. Our senses simply tell us what is being experienced. This is the event. Now you experience the positive or negative energy that was created by the trigger and subsequent thoughts. That energy leads to an emotional reaction.
The person with negative energy will likely feel disgusted. Now we reach the point in the sequence where there is conscious control. The emotional reaction is recognized as a positive or negative element.
It can be traced consciously back to the trigger, which was the smell of the food baking. Now a decision is going to be made. Will the behaviors and actions taken next be positive?
Or will they be negative? Focusing on the Decision Is the Most Important Element In the cognitive appraisal theory of emotion, people have full control over their actions and behaviors. Once they experience the emotion of a trigger, there is a conscious decision to do something about what has happened.
Most people can have their decisions broken down into these three categories. In this instance, a person would ignore the emotional reaction and trigger. They might internalize the positive or negative feelings, but will not allow those feelings to translate into a positive or negative action.
Act upon the thoughts. Some people decide to take action after experiencing the thoughts and feelings which a trigger creates.MUTATION CONCEPT A word familiar to all fans of science fiction , mutation refers to any sudden change in DNA—deoxyribonucleic acid, the genetic blueprint for an organism—that creates a.
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As the Web is becoming ubiquitous, interactive, and multimodal, technology needs to deal increasingly with human factors, including emotions.
The specification of Emotion Markup Language aims. Emotions too has rewards it also stimulates and appraises also known as the event-appraisal-emotion sequence discussed further in this informational paper.
Emotion and arousal, one seeks to explain behavior either maintained or increased when goals are obtained, and the other as a state of. This creates the cognitive appraisal theory of emotion sequence.
An event leads to thinking, which then leads to simultaneous emotion and arousal. In essence, thoughts lead to feelings, which then lead to .