Problems and Issues Population: Increasing population density, pressure on ageing infrastructure and worsening environmental damage prompted a policy of applying disincentives to families with more than two children.
Formal education consists of twelve years of basic education. Basic education consists of five years of primary education, four years of intermediate education, and three years of secondary education.
The majority of basic education students are enrolled on a half-day basis. Whilst Confucian-style higher education in Viet Nam may be traced back to the 11th century, the modern pattern of universal primary, secondary and tertiary education has a relatively short history of development.
The Law on Education passed by the French colonial government abolished the Confucian education system and replaced it with an education system modelled loosely on that of France. However, that new system remained fundamentally elitist, reaching only an estimated three per cent of the indigenous population and functioning primarily as a means of training civil servants for colonial service throughout French Indochina.
In the wake of the August Revolution ofand especially after the victory in the war of resistance against the French inthe new government was faced with an illiteracy rate of over 85 per cent of the Vietnamese population and accordingly resolved to make education a priority.
The education reforms of and established a basic system of national education comprising pre-school programmes, primary and secondary schools, popular education for adults and a network of colleges and universities.
|Vietnam today: problems and issues||Diem Nguyen contributed photos. The terrain of Vietnam is varied, with mountainous regions, thick forested areas, and lowlands leading down from the rugged mountains to coastal plains and river deltas.|
|Vietnamese Cultural Profile — EthnoMed||Besides the problem of quality, there is also no guarantee that your Vietnamese degree will be valued in another country.|
In the wake of Reunification primary and secondary schools were brought under the control of the Ministry of Education and Training, whilst colleges and universities were brought under the management of the Ministry of Higher Education; since that time a series of further measures have been enacted by central government in conjunction with provincial and municipal authorities to create a fully-integrated national education system.
Primary and secondary education is provided by the government through 13, basic and 1, secondary schools and is free to all. Since the advent of doi moi a small network of private and semi-private primary and secondary schools has also begun to develop.
Secondary education commences at the age of 11 grade 6 and continues to the age of 17 grade In some areas government school facilities cannot accommodate all of the children at once, so students attend in shifts at different times of the day.
The school week runs from Monday to Saturday. All children are encouraged to finish secondary school. In addition to general secondary schools, Viet Nam also has just under secondary vocational schools which allow specialisation in such fields as industry, agriculture, forestry and fisheries, economics, teacher training, medicine, gymnastics and sports and culture and arts.
College or university education normally commences at 18 years of age. The students attending these schools make up approximately 18 per cent of the total number of university students nationwide.
Since secondary vocational and tertiary education are no longer free, but there is stiff competition through examination for the limited number of places. A limited number of scholarships is available for gifted students.
In the early years of the 21st century the Vietnamese education system continues to face many challenges, including poor infrastructure, lack of equipment and teaching materials, low wages precipitating an acute shortage of skilled teachers and academic staff, and a relatively poor linkage of higher education with research, production and employment.
However, against a background of such overwhelming difficulty the achievements of the last half century have been impressive. A pioneering new bilingual primary education programme implemented in selected mountainous regions to create greater opportunities for ethnic minority children has been hailed as a model of educational reform in the region and is currently being considered by other countries such as Thailand, India, Laos, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal.
Pre-primary education Public kindergartens usually admit children ranging from 18 months to 5 years of age. Sometimes, four- or five-year-old children are taught the alphabet and basic arithmetic. Primary education Children normally start primary education at the age of six.
Education at this level lasts for 5 years and is compulsory for all children. Intermediate education Junior high school includes sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth grade. This educational level is homogeneous throughout most of the country, except in very remote provinces, which expect to popularize and standardize middle education within the next few years.
Intermediate education is not compulsory in Vietnam.
Secondary education Secondary education consists of grades ten through to twelve. The IGE is a prerequisite entrance examination for secondary schooling. The IGE score determines the schools at which students are able to enroll. The higher the score, the more prestigious the school.
Students are not free to choose what they study. To graduate, students must pass the following courses:The most serious problems with the Vietnamese education system and how it can be improved By Tran Thi Ha Phuong, vetconnexx.com3 – ISB University Education plays an important role with each country, especially with the economic development, which is the same in Vietnam.
The Vietnamese Education System. Vietnamese parents in general pay a lot of attention to education for their children. Standards in state schools are not high and many children receive additional tuition outside of school.
foreign language (English, Mandarin, French and Russian are taught at some specialised schools), technology. Although there are some programmes designed especially for foreign students, higher education has problems keeping up with international standards.
Besides the problem of quality, there is also no guarantee that your Vietnamese degree will be valued in another country. Education plays an important role with each country, especially with the economic development, which is the same in Vietnam.
After two wars of aggression, the Vietnamese economy was affected seriously so the Provisional Government of Vietnam identified that at this time, the development of education.
Unfortunately, though Vietnam has passed several reforms and worked to improve education since “Doi Moi”, it still struggles with providing quality education.
The Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) is responsible for quality assurance in Vietnam’s education system. Quantity Quality Change the textbooks The Problems with Vietnamese Education System Presented by Nam Anh Van Anh, Bao Chau .