Term paper on reverse logistics

Early civilizations[ edit ] In early civilizations cereal grains such as maizewheatbarley etc. Ancient Egyptian and early Hebrew writings include reference to such buildings and their successors can still be seen in use in less developed countries and regions.

Term paper on reverse logistics

PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE

Reverse Resources While companies struggle at times to find ways to make their supply chains more environmentally friendly, one subset of the supply chain stands out as inherently green: Because reverse logistics by definition includes processes such as remanufacturing, refurbishment, recycling, reuse, and asset recovery, engaging in reverse logistics activities guarantees companies a certain level of green.

Can the materials be ground up, recycled, and made into additional parts?

Term paper on reverse logistics

Through effective reverse logistics operations, companies can also cut out inefficient returns processes that result in unnecessary transportation moves, helping to reduce carbon emissions and improve air quality. It is hard to argue against that list of green attributes.

Contrary to what some logistics professionals suspect, it is possible to manage reverse logistics processes so they are friendly to both the environment and the bottom line. Good for the Bottom Line, Too The benefit reverse logistics brings to companies ranges from three to 15 percent of the overall bottom line, according to RLA estimates.

Robe cites electronics giant Cisco as a prime example. Another example of green reverse logistics contributing to the bottom line is mobile electronics producer Palm Inc. The company revamped its reverse logistics processes to focus on refurbishing its goods, and now resells them using secondary channels such as an online corporate store and Internet retailer Overstock.

Thanks to the revamp, Palm decreased processing costs by 50 percent, reduced returned goods inventory to less than two weeks, and tripled the product recovery rate. Sometimes, finding a way to make green reverse logistics pay off is just a matter of looking beyond short-term profit motives to long-term business and environmental gains.

The very goal of reverse logistics, and what makes it green, is also what makes it smart from an economic perspective: Best Practices Revealed How can companies get started on the path to implementing green reverse logistics processes that yield a healthier bottom line?

Here are a few best practices to follow, from companies and experts who practice what they preach.

Term paper on reverse logistics

Although reverse logistics concerns only the reverse half of the supply chain, the implications for its success begin with the forward supply chain. The company tweaked its designs to reduce operating energy consumption; reduce product weight and volume; remove banned or restricted substances; and keep product disposal in mind throughout its product development process.

The philosophy has helped Ericsson decrease the raw material footprint of its mobile switching center products by 70 times over the past 10 years.

This approach is also key to boosting profitability, because a product design that uses fewer resources and allows for easy reuse or recycling at end of life generally translates into lower overall production costs. Meyer cites the example of a solar panel manufacturer in Portland, Ore.

The firm contracted with a local recycling company that collects and reclaims some of the waste, including slurry filter cake and graphite, produced in the manufacture of solar panels.

The recycler is able to turn some of that waste into a material that the solar panel manufacturer can reintroduce into its production process. Be Creative About Finding Value When products are returned to a manufacturer or to a third party that handles reverse logistics for the manufacturer several scenarios usually arise: The product no longer functions but can be harvested for parts that still have value.

The product has reached the end of its life and must be disposed of in some way.Tim is Global Vice President, Amazon Logistics, responsible for transportation and delivery operations worldwide.

Tim joined Amazon in , and has held several key senior leadership roles including Director of North American Operations, Director of Operations for Emerging Regions, and Vice President of Operations, Europe.

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Disposable tape measure printed on sturdy white stock; Graduated English scale on one side, metric scale on reverse side. Based on environmental, legal, social, and economic factors, reverse logistics and closed-loop supply chain issues have attracted attention among both academia and practitioners.

Logistics: Logistics, in business, the organized movement of materials and, sometimes, people. The term was first associated with the military but gradually spread to cover business activities. Logistics implies that a number of separate activities are coordinated.

In the Council of Logistics . Commencement ceremonies will be held on Friday, May 10, at the following locations: McCook Community College Commencement Peter and Dolores Graff Events Center.

DELIVER, the European Rendezvous for e-Logistics