Martin Luther King Jr. He was one of the greatest American Civil Rights leaders of the s. He was born in in the city of Atlanta, Georgia.
The region was a hotbed of religious enthusiasm during the Second Great Awakening. As a teenager, he may have been sympathetic to Methodism. The event would later grow in importance to Smith's followers, who now regard it as the first event in the gradual restoration of Christ's church to earth.
Until the s, however, the experience was largely unknown, even to most Mormons. According to his later accounts, Smith was visited by an angel named Moroniwhile praying one night in Smith said that this angel revealed the location of a buried book made of golden platesas well as other artifacts, including a breastplate and a set of interpreters composed of two seer stones set in a frame, which had been hidden in a hill near his home.
When Smith proposed marriage, Emma's father, Isaac Hale objected, primarily because he believed Smith had no means to support Emma. Later that year, when Smith promised to abandon treasure seeking, Hale offered to let the couple live on his property in Harmony and help Smith get started in business.
He said the angel commanded him not to show the plates to anyone else, but to translate them and publish their translation. Smith said the translation was a religious record of indigenous Americans and were engraved in an unknown language, called reformed Egyptian.
He also told associates that he was capable of reading and translating them.
Harris also took a sample of the characters to a few prominent scholars, including Charles Anthon. Harris said Anthon initially authenticated the characters and their translation, but then retracted his opinion after learning that Smith claimed to have received the plates from an angel.
In any event, Harris returned to Harmony in Apriland continued as Smith's scribe. Harris convinced Smith to let him take the existing pages of manuscript to Palmyra to show a few family members, including his wife.
As punishment for losing the manuscript, Smith said that the angel returned and took away the plates, and revoked his ability to translate. During this period, Smith briefly attended Methodist meetings with his wife, until a cousin of hers objected to inclusion of a "practicing necromancer" on the Methodist class roll.
Later, a group of Eight Witnesses — composed of male members of the Whitmer and Smith families — issued a statement that they had been shown the golden plates by Smith. The completed work, titled the Book of Mormonwas published in Palmyra on March 26,by printer E.
Soon after, on April 6,Smith and his followers formally organized the Church of Christand small branches were established in Palmyra, Fayette, and Colesville, New York.
In probable reference to this period of flight, Smith said that PeterJamesand John had appeared to him and had ordained him and Cowdery to a higher priesthood. Life of Joseph Smith from to and Life of Joseph Smith from to When Smith moved to Kirtland, Ohio in Januaryhe encountered a religious culture that included enthusiastic demonstrations of spiritual giftsincluding fits and trances, rolling on the ground, and speaking in tongues.
Rigdon's followers had also been practicing a form of communalismwhich Smith adopted, calling it the United Order. Converts poured into Kirtland. By the summer ofthere were fifteen hundred to two thousand Mormons in the vicinity, many expecting Smith to lead them shortly to the Millennial kingdom.
Smith advised them to bear the violence patiently until after they were attacked multiple times, after which they could fight back. Among these five groups was a quorum of twelve apostles. In latea series of internal disputes led to the collapse of the Kirtland Mormon community.
He was also accused of engaging in a sexual relationship with his serving girl, Fanny Alger. Smith was held responsible for the failure, and there were widespread defections from the church, including many of Smith's closest advisers.
During this time, a church council expelled many of the oldest and most prominent leaders of the church, including John Whitmer, David Whitmer, W. Phelpsand Oliver Cowdery. By this time, Smith's experiences with mob violence led him to believe that his faith's survival required greater militancy against anti-Mormons.
They unleashed a flood of anti-Mormon rhetoric in newspapers and in stump speeches given during the election campaign. Non-Mormon vigilantes raided and burned Mormon farms, while Danites and other Mormons pillaged non-Mormon towns.
Governor Lilburn Boggs then ordered that the Mormons be "exterminated or driven from the state". The following day, the Latter Day Saints surrendered to 2, state troops and agreed to forfeit their property and leave the state.Martin Luther King Jr.
1. Martin Luther King Jr was an American clergyman, activist and leader in the Africa- American Civil Rights Movements.
He was born in Atlanta, Georgia in 2. Faith was always an important part in daily life as both his father and grandfather were Baptist ministers. Oct 27, · Near the time of Gandhi's death in , back in the United States, a young minister named Martin Luther King, Jr. began his own nonviolent fight.
America's government was supposed to protect our citizens' rights and opportunities, but in many places, in many ways, governments specifically denied rights and opportunities to African Americans. Mohandas Gandhi, who wrote “Satyagraha”, and Martin Luther King Jr., who wrote “Letters from Birmingham Jail”.
Henry David Thoreau used the theory of transcendentalism in “Civil Disobedience.”. Mohandas Gandhi, who wrote “Satyagraha”, and Martin Luther King Jr., who wrote “Letters from Birmingham Jail”.
Henry David Thoreau used the theory of transcendentalism in “Civil Disobedience.”. Thoreau, Gandhi, and Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King, who adapted Gandhi’s idea of civil disobedience to the civil rights movement in the United States. Martin Luther King always paid tribute to Gandhi as one of the most important sources of his own values.
Rosa Parks rode at the front of a Montgomery, Alabama, bus on the day the Supreme Court's ban on segregation of the city's buses took effect. A year earlier, she had been arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus.